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Ginkgo Bioworks Opens Bioworks4, Adds New Tools for the Rapid Genetic Engineering of Mammalian Cells

Newest foundry catalyzes synthetic biology for pharmaceutical applications, empowering accessible and scalable R&D for therapeutics

BOSTON, Oct. 24, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — Ginkgo Bioworks, the organism company, today announced the opening of Bioworks4, its latest biological engineering foundry. With this fourth foundry, Ginkgo expands its footprint to nearly 100,000 square feet dedicated to designing and printing DNA and engineering living cells used in a wide range of industrial and pharmaceutical applications. Bioworks4 will for the first time enable Ginkgo to apply its automated, high-throughput process to the engineering of mammalian cell genomes, which are essential for pharmaceutical research and manufacturing.

Ginkgo’s foundries are factories for rapidly prototyping genetically modified organisms (GMOs) for a wide variety of purposes ranging from industrial to pharmaceutical applications. From yeast that produce more sustainable materials to probiotic bacteria that treat disease directly in the gut, these GMOs are powering a more effective way to make things across major industries. Ginkgo foundries are accelerating the process for developing these products; at current capacity, a biological engineer working with the foundry can accomplish nearly 25 times more than was possible using traditional by-hand methods, a number that continues to increase as Ginkgo grows and foundry technologies improve. Since 2015, foundry output has doubled every six months.

Until now, Ginkgo’s platform has focused on a diverse array of single-celled microorganisms like yeast and bacteria used in applications including food, agriculture, and materials. With Bioworks4, Ginkgo expands its capabilities to genetically engineered mammalian cells – cultured human and animal cells – which are a key resource used in pharma, including emerging treatments like cell or gene therapy and the production of biologics like antibodies and protein- or enzyme-based therapies.

While recent techniques including CRISPR have enabled more precise and cost-effective engineering of mammalian cells, it remains a largely manual and time-consuming process. Moreover, genetic techniques are just one part of the necessary toolkit for effective development of new therapeutics. By applying its automated foundry techniques to mammalian cell engineering – from DNA synthesis to systems-level analysis – Ginkgo has the unique ability to rapidly prototype and test new therapies in higher throughput, accelerating timelines and reducing costs of the development cycle. Today’s launch will ultimately enable more effective product discovery and optimization at the pre-clinical stage, arming researchers with better data and the best possible drug candidates before entering costly animal testing or clinical trials.

Ginkgo’s growing platform for genetic engineering allows companies and labs from startups to large pharma companies to benefit from its powerful technology, without having to invest in costly lab infrastructure or rely on legacy processes that slow innovation and development. The launch of engineered mammalian cell capabilities in Bioworks4 extends this access to pharmaceutical partners. Now, companies discovering and commercializing therapeutics can research, develop, and test medicines in a cost-efficient and scalable manner, opening the floodgates for novel life-changing treatments to emerge.

“We believe in biology’s ability to transform industries,” said Jason Kelly, Ginkgo Bioworks CEO and co-founder. “The synthetic biology ecosystem is growing rapidly and we’re energized to see that Ginkgo’s foundries continue to be at the core of helping such diverse industries leverage the power of biology. We’re thrilled to open Bioworks4 and look forward to contributing to the infrastructure that will one day make starting a pharma company as easy as starting an internet company, and simultaneously enable big pharma to be as agile as a startup.”

The Bioworks4 foundry adds 18,000 square feet to Ginkgo’s headquarters in Boston’s Seaport District. Each foundry is designed to continuously evolve to meet changing demands across applications and adapt to new technological advancements. Bioworks4 adds further flexibility, incorporating a modular and reconfigurable design that allows for the separation of multiple types of mammalian cells and the ability to safely work on very different projects in parallel.

Bioworks4 and Ginkgo’s expansion into the pharmaceutical industry comes on the heels of Ginkgo’s 10-year anniversary and a year of significant vertical growth and partnership. Most recently, Ginkgo announced an extended partnership with Genomatica to help replace petrochemicals with bio-based chemicals used in everyday plastic and personal care products. Just last month, Ginkgo also announced a new partnership with Cronos Group, a leading Canadian cannabis group, to produce cultured cannabinoids in an economically sustainable way. In June, Ginkgo announced a suite of government contracts aimed at developing biosecurity tools that prevent the misuse of synthetic biology. As the number of industries innovating with biology grows, Ginkgo continues to expand its capabilities and investments in building a robust infrastructure for synthetic biology.

About Ginkgo Bioworks
Headquartered in Boston, Ginkgo Bioworks uses the most advanced technology on the planet – biology – to grow products instead of manufacturing them. The company’s technology platform is bringing biotechnology into consumer goods markets, enabling fragrance, cosmetic, nutrition, food, agriculture and pharmaceuticals to make better products. For more information, visit

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Jordyn Lee 

SOURCE Ginkgo Bioworks

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